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E-cat, diminutive of Energy Catalizer, revolutionary and that makes people discuss. It is a system that promises a cut in consumption and expenses, heating the whole house, even without polluting. It represents an innovation in the field of heating and electricity production, the prototype that the expert Andrea Rossi developed based on the studies of Sergio Focardi it is based on cold fusion (LENR) and has won a US patent but the controversy is not over. The scientific community is divided. By bypassing the discussions, or postponing them, let's first see what it is.
E-cat: Andrea Rossi and his idea
Thoroughly studied by Focardi, the cold fusion is precisely the basis of the idea and the device of Rossi's E-cat. In practice, what he has patented overseas, then we will see how and where, can be defined as a device for heating fluid.
It consists of a tank containing fluid to be heated and, communicating with this fluid, there is also a fuel wafer which comprises a mixture containing reagents. There is also a catalyst and an electrical resistance, which can be replaced by another heat source, as long as it is in thermal communication with the wafer fuel mixture and catalyst. It is not so trivial to imagine what he invented, let alone understand who is right: he or whoever criticizes him.
To explain theE-cat, Rossi described theRed effect which gives rise to a new type of exothermic process based on high energy density Lenr. This Lenr ofand cat, low energy nuclear reaction, is specifically an exothermic reaction between lithium and hydrogen, catalyzed by nickel or any other element of group 10 of the periodic table including palladium and platinum.
The patent recently won by Rossi is United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO): the "yes" arrived in August 2015 after more than 3 years from the request by the scientist who proposes what is still a controversial technology in 2016 LENR (Low-Energy Nuclear Reaction).
Of low-energy nuclear reactions ofE-cat no word appears in the text associated with the patent, and neither does theE-cat it is so called. Literally, the assignment of patent US9115913B1 relates to an "apparatus for heating a fluid that includes a tank to contain the liquid to be heated and a fuel wafer in communication with the fluid. The wafer includes a fuel mixture which contains reactants and a catalyst, and an electrical resistor or other heat source in thermal communication with the fuel mixture and the catalyst ".
The fact remains that, while in Europe Rossi received only "no", overseas to welcome him was a yes, an important result that does not extinguish the controversy and does not erase the perplexities on the principle on which theE-cat is based.
E-cat: the fusion
Cold fusion, at the heart of the operation and energy savings promised byE-cat and at the center of the scientific controversy between Europe and the USA, is the one between Nickel and Hydrogen. It is an exothermic reaction that develops excess heat, heat that is used for i heating processes both industrial and civil purposes, including domestic ones. Or, the heat can in turn be transformed into electricity as on many other occasions, without there being a E-cat under.
In this case, however, there is the savings factor heralded by Rossi that makes you rejoice and turn up your nose: it depends who is listening. What Rossi, not alone, claims, is that his and cat functions with a very small amount of energy a compared to heat generated. There is even talk of an incoming energy several hundred times lower than the outgoing thermal one.
Little would therefore be enough because the'E-cat can produce heat like a common boiler, with a very pleasant and consistent cost cut and with the disappearance of waste and harmful substances that in other contexts are instead released into the atmosphere. This would be theE-cat, very green and very affordable.
As for the application of theE-cat, what interests us more than quarrels, we speak of a E-cat domestic able to heat even rather large places as square footage. Large rooms, heated with a lot of thermal energy, for periods of at least six months. If installed in combination with solar panels, theE-cat it could guarantee homes or buildings one almost total energy autonomy, with significant economic savings and a green touch to the whole house.
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