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Micro-irrigation on the terrace: the instructions for setting up a micro-irrigation system designed to water the plants on the balcony or terrace. The same project, if enlarged, can be applied to the garden, just increase the number of driplines and the length of the main fitting.
Building a plantmicro-irrigation for plants interraceor balcony, is a job within everyone's reach.
Thanks tomicro-irrigationwe do not risk dirtying the area in which we grow our plants with water and soil, furthermore this system brings the right amount of water to the plants, eliminating waste. The system ofmicro-irrigationit can be programmed using a small battery operated device.
What you need to set up a micro-irrigation system on the terrace
- 16 mm primary line pipe
- Electric battery programmer
- Pressure reducer
- Threaded fitting
- Automatic connection
- Drain valve or end-of-line plug
- Drippers (dripline)
- 6 mm capillary tubes
- 6 mm elbows
- Scissors and punch hole
- Pegs for 16 mm tube
Most of these materials are inexpensive and can be easily found inGarden centeror in online stores likeAmazon. The only more expensive tool is the electrical programmer which, based on the chosen complexity, can cost over 100 euros. A simpler system suited tomicro-irrigation on the terrace or balcony it can be bought with a budget of 20 - 30 euros. The pressure reducer costs around 5-10 euros and the rest of the material needed is also very affordable. The cost to be charged for this project ranges from 60 to over 100 euros, based on the choices you make at the time of purchase.
On the market there is no shortage of pre-packaged kits ready to provide you with everything you need (the pressure reducer and the programmer, in general, are bought separately), to get an idea of the prices and components included in the kits, I invite you to visit the links useful. Useful links: Micro-irrigation kit on Amazon
The length of the primary line pipe varies according to the size of your terrace. If the plants are arranged around the perimeter, just measure the perimeter of the terrace and add the meters needed to reach the water tap.
Choose adjustable drippers so that you can better manage the water supply between the various species grown on the terrace, in the garden or on the balcony.
DIY micro-irrigation on the terrace
First, connect the pressure reducer to the tap immediately followed by the electric programmer. Connect the threaded fitting to the programmer.
Connect the 16mm hose to the automatic fitting and screw it to the threaded fitting you installed on the controller. You will have thus obtained your main water channel.
Before starting to unwind the main pipe along the perimeter area of your terrace (the pipe will have to run alongside the various containers with the plants), close the final part by adding the drain valve. This valve will avoid annoying stagnation.
Begin to unwind the main tube along the plants to be irrigated and, with the hole punch, start making holes with the exact diameter for a perfect connection. The holes must be made in the 16 mm diameter tube and are intended to connect the various tubes with a diameter of 6 mm (capillary tubes).
The capillary tubes will create the so-called secondary line: connect the two-way elbow when necessary and leave two capillary tubes per hole. You will need scissors at this stage to cut the appropriate lengths of the 6mm capillary tubes.
To figure out how long the individual 6mm lengths of hose must be, start from the main line and lead the hose to the pot or garden plant to be watered.
After connecting the 6 mm diameter capillary tubes to the 16 mm main tube, connect the drippers to each individual capillary tube, your terrace micro-irrigationis almost ready: the drippers are connected in correspondence with the plants to be irrigated.
The path of the pipe can be guided by means of the appropriate pegs.
if, for your plant do-it-yourself micro-irrigation buy a low-cost programmer, know that this will probably not be able to survive the winter: with the arrival of the first autumn frosts, disconnect it from the tap and take it to shelter. Keep it without batteries and then store it outside with the arrival of spring.