Chestnut grafting, all the info

Chestnut grafting, all the info

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Grafting of the chestnut tree: period, when to take the scion, how to increase the chances of taking root and which grafting technique to use.

Grafting of the chestnut tree, the best period

When is the chestnut grafted?
The chestnut can be grafted in the months of April and May in the climatic zones of Northern Italy. Grafting can be anticipated to March in Southern and Central-Southern Italy. At the time ofgrafting, the plant to be grafted may already have buds.

The ideal time forgrafting of the chestnut treefalls when the wild have begun to revegetate. You can also proceed in the presence of new shoots on the rootstock. Find out about the weather conditions and choose days when temperatures do not drop below 8 - 10 ° C. This means that in the alpine and mountain areas of Italy, the best time forgraft the chestnutfalls between late April and early May.

When are the scions taken?
The period for taking the scions must take place in the cold months, when the plants have not yet come out of the period of vegetative rest. Generally the best months to take the scions forgrafting of the chestnut treegoes, in the North, from February to March and in Central and Southern Italy they can be taken from January.

The scion must be stored inside the nylon bags in cold rooms or in very cool, dry and dark rooms.

What does it take to graft the chestnut tree?
All you need is simple: a hook grafting knife, slightly elastic adhesive tape or, possibly, putty and raffia.

How to graft chestnut, in short

Broadly speaking, here is the chestnut graft divided into key points. For details, read the entire article.

  • In January (in the south) or March (in the north), take the scion and store it in a dry and dark place until use.
  • In March (in the south) or April-May (in the north), perform the simple graft or English double cleft graft.
  • Carve the rootstock with an oblique cut, similarly, dissect the scion with an oblique cut. The two incisions must be complementary.
  • Secure the two parts with raffia and putty.
  • Cut the scion leaving only a few centimeters on the rootstock.

Useful links: Mastic for grafts, prices and products

Chestnut grafting - simple grafting

It's possiblegraft the chestnutusing different grafting techniques; the technique of grafting the chestnut that guarantees the greatest chances of taking root is the English double split grafting. The triangle grafting technique also offers good sealing guarantees in the years following grafting because it is subject to less risk of breakage and does not leave the cut surfaces exposed to the aggression of one of the most common risk factors when it comes to multiplication by graft: cortical cancer.

Those who prefer, however, cangraft the chestnutwith the simple grafting technique. The methods of carrying out the simple grafting on the chestnut are described in the video available at the end of the page.

In general, to make a simple graft, both the rootstock and the graft are cut obliquely. With a curved blade grafting knife, take care to make the two cutting surfaces as smooth as possible.

The two cutting surfaces should be joined together with slightly elastic tape or using raffia and putty.

Chestnut graft - English double split graft

The simple graft represents the basis of action of the English double split graft. On the two parts cut obliquely, two sections must be made to create an additional junction point between graft and rootstock.

You may also be interested in the article onCrown graft

Video: Seeds, Seedlings or Grafts? How about all three?!! (August 2022).