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Cinque Terre National Park, an oasis of nature, yes, but where man and nature show the beauty of a successful alliance that is good for the eyes, the environment, the inhabitants, and visitors to this park. In fact, they will be able to admire at a walking pace the rare characteristics of an uncontaminated nature made of rocks of different origins and ages, without a plain but rich in coasts that, high and jagged, hide suggestive caves.
Few crosswords on the beach, there are few and pebbly, but a trip to the Cinque Terre National Park it is an opportunity to solve other puzzles, letting oneself be inspired by what surrounds us. All in one Mediterranean climate, with dry summer seasons and particularly mild winters, sheltered from the winds by the mountain range, enjoying the warm and fragrant sea currents.
Cinque Terre National Park: how to get there
The ideal way to reach the Cinque Terre National Park is by train. Not only because it is in line with the idea of respect for the environment with which the Park itself was established, but also because it is really very practical. And cheap. There are trains with considerable frequency, especially during the summer season and local trains stop at all the stations of the Cinque Terre: Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso al Mare. The line is Pisa-Genoa, we stop in La Spezia and then proceed with local trains from which we already have an eye on the nature that we are going to explore.
For those who want to take the car at all costs, the recommended motorway exits are La Spezia, then following the signs for Le Cinque Terre, and Carrodano, then proceeding to Levanto and the Cinque Terre. There is also the nice idea of the boat: in the summer they are planned daily connections by sea from La Spezia, Lerici and Porto Venere, Monterosso, Vernazza, Manarola and Riomaggiore can also be reached by internal navigation lines, with Monterosso terminus (www.navigazionegolfodeipoeti.it). For those arriving from afar, the plane is almost a must, the reference airports are those of Milan, Genoa and Pisa.
Cinque Terre National Park: what to do
Before telling "De rerum naturae", Including flora and fauna of which the Cinque Terre National Park he becomes a guardian, a small guide to the possible anthropocentric vicissitudes, in inhabited areas for those who feel the need for houses after overflowing. The ones set in the Cinque Terre villages are wonderful, each boasting a historical, artistic and natural heritage.
You can choose, or pass them all. It is difficult to eliminate some of them, they are truly special: Corniglia, Vernazza, Manarola, Riomaggiore, Monterosso, Vernazza. Each village has a Marian sanctuary that is worth a visit if we are already in the area, both for the architectural structure and for the panorama to which it gives access. Among other things, they are all accessible by carriage roads except that of Riomaggiore, Our Lady of Montenero, but I recommend walking there because you would lose the view during the journey and it would be a big shame.
Among the best sanctuaries of Cinque Terre National Park I point out the Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Salute in Manarola (Loc.Volastra), the Sanctuary of Madonna di Montenero in Riomaggiore and the Sanctuary of Nostra Signora di Soviore in Monterosso al Mare.
Cinque Terre National Park: blue path
Let's start talking about diving in nature, as it should be if we want to enjoy the Cinque Terre National Park at most. My first thought is the Blue Trail, one of the most popular also because it does not present particular difficulties and at the same time offers unique panoramic views.
The route that this path proposes in Cinque Terre National Park it already existed in part in the Middle Ages, except the Love way which was created in the twentieth century, and dozens of mule tracks depart from it that take us to the ridge alongside the typical dry stone walls, crossing or touching villages and sanctuaries. Although it can be covered in one day, the Blue Path is more enjoyable if extended into several stages.
However, it is not the only one that allows us to explore the kingdom guarded by the Cinque Terre National Park, in fact there is a network of paths of over 120 kilometers, with different types from the most banal to the most adventurous. There are thematic itineraries such as those of terraced vineyards, Ancient settlements, Nature or through Sanctuaries and Churches, or more hiking trails, by kayaking and even a swimming course.
For those who want to get to know the Cinque Terre National Park, here are the underwater itineraries including panettone, the Corniglia landslide, the way of love, an underwater route for the disabled and others that aim at Punta Mesco, Secca della Pineda and Secca delle Aragoste.
Cinque Terre National Park: accommodations
To stay in the heart of or near the Cinque Terre National Park there are various possibilities, from hostels to bed & breakfast, from apartments to houses or rooms for rent. And of course many hotels also in the small and well-kept villages. Among all, I was struck by the "Fishermen's Refuge", Complete with the environmental quality mark. It is located in Via San Antonio in Riomaggiore. The official website ofCinque Terre National Park Authority it is full of information for every type of accommodation you are looking for.
Cinque Terre National Park Authority
Lens Cinque Terre National Park was established by a Decree of the President of the Republic on 6 October 1999, has an extension of 3,860 hectares and a population of about 4,000 inhabitants. His protective embrace brings together the Municipalities of Riomaggiore, Vernazza, Monterosso al Mare, La Spezia (Tramonti area) and Levanto (Mesco area) and it is an example of the encounter between man and virtuous nature.
The presence and intervention of man in the territory of Cinque Terre National Park have been registered for over a thousand years, we have developed cultivated areas in order to survive by breaking up the rock and creating those dry stone walls that today accompany us along the paths of the Park. Those that create irregular embroideries in the terraced landscape where the vine is the protagonist, cultivated for years and years with excellent results and toasts.
There are also lemon crops, olive groves and vegetable gardens to enrich the mosaic that is created on the walls of the mountains of the Cinque Terre National Park, in addition to the villages that confirm how much human contact with nature took place without causing trauma. Since it is rare, when it happens it must be told, visited, taken as an example and protected.
Cinque Terre National Park: fauna
As we stroll through the Cinque Terre National Park, even if distracted by the sea and mountain landscape, we take a look at the fauna because we could miss an encounter with the herring gull, the peregrine falcon and the imperial crow. Or a tete à tete with the dormouse, the weasel, the mole, the stone marten, the badger, the fox and the wild boar. Less happy would I be to see myself cut off from one wall lizard, from a green lizard or from certain snakes such as the rat snake, the colubro of Aesculapius and the viper, however, I like the idea of being able to come across beautifully colored frogs and salamanders near the streams.
The Cinque Terre National Park it also reveals a part of its marine fauna that inhabits the rich waters of the Cinque Terre marine reserve. There is in fact the Sanctuary of the Cetaceans, a very important area from the biological point of view and that every summer hosts about two thousand fin whales and thousands of other cetaceans, including dolphins, zifii and sperm whales. It seems that they are making an appointment to make reservations for the winter. This precious Sanctuary was born in 1999 from a collaboration between France (Côte d'Azur and Corsica), Principality of Monaco and Italy (Liguria, Tuscany and northern Sardinia) and is officially recognized by all Mediterranean countries.
In addition to the rich and varied fauna, the flora of the Cinque Terre National Park, particular, thanks to the orographic complexity that has created many microclimates in a relatively small area. Here the holm oak woods have often yielded land to cultivated areas or to maritime pine woods, Aleppo pine, cork and chestnut trees.
On the coast we change genre and we find sea fennel and marine dauco, a little everywhere there are shrubs such as rosemary, thyme, helichrysum and lavender. Wandering along paths far from the villages, if we are careful we can also see heather "spots", with some presence of mastic, myrtle, gorse and strawberry tree. Beautiful and fragrant walks.
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