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Why does the nettle sting?On this page we will explain why the nettle is stinging and how to get immediate relief when we come into contact with this plant.
L'nettle, botanically known as Urtica dioica, is a perennial herbaceous plant, is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, and is the best known and most widespread of the genus Urtica. To be able to explainbecause nettle irritates, we need to talk a little aboutplant biology... but nothing complicated, don't worry!
Inside the plant cell there is an organelle calledvacuole which can be described as a bladder that fills with different material and performs a large number of tasks. For example, the vacuole is responsible for the fragrance of some flowers and it is this organelle that regulates cell turgor ... that is, if you do not irrigate the plants, the plant cell withers (the vacuole "deflates") while if you administer water, the vacuole, swelling, pushes on the cell wall and makes the plant more vigorous: the vacuole can occupy up to 90% of the cell volume!
The vacuole is thefactotum of the plant cellso we will not be here to explain all its functions, we only tell you that innettleindeed, in the plant cells of stinging hairs of this plant, the vacuole contains the substancesstinging!
The liquid contained in the vacuole of the stinging hairs of thenettlecontains various substances, among these we mention thehistamine, serotonin and formic acid. These substances are responsible for the stinging effect ofnettle.
Why does the nettle sting?
When we come into contact with stinging hairs, the plant cells ofnettlethey release the stinging liquid described above. This liquid is released only as a defense mechanism, in case of breaking of the same stinging hairs, in fact not always touching a 'nettlethis therestings.
If you try to caress the leaves in the direction of the hairs, they don't break and the nettle won't sting you!
Remedies for nettles
If you are looking for godsnatural remediesagainst the "nettle stings", You have to go back to those fields to hunt for another spontaneous species, the dockyard!
The dockyard, botanically known asRumex spp, is a herbaceous plant, mostly perennial, of the Polygonaceae family. This plant shares the same habitat as thenettle: it grows spontaneously along roads, in uncultivated fields, in wet meadows and near marshes.
In case of "irritation from nettle”You can rub on the affected part of the dock leaves. In some regions of Italy, the dockyard is also known as lapazio, sometimes it grows as a weed in cultivated land. It is distinguished by its leaves with an oblong-lanceolate blade that is sharp at the apex. It is a very common plant so you will no doubt have seen it: take some leaves, rub them on the sideirritated by the nettleand you will experience immediate relief.
Nettle is useful
Even if thenettleit doesn't have manyfans, it is necessary to say that it is a plant with multiple medicinal virtues, has excellent nutritional properties, is a good ally in the kitchen and also in agriculture! Nettle macerates can be useful in gardening while in the kitchen it is possible to make soups, soups, omelettes and many other rustics with nettle. Some examples?
- Infusion of nettle
- Nettle, properties and recipes
- Nettle recipes
- Nettle in the kitchen
In the photo above, the nettle on the kitchen cutting board.
In the photo below, some lapazio plants spontaneously grown at the edge of a low wall.
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