Finnish Spitz: character and breeding

Finnish Spitz: character and breeding

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Finnish Spitz, from Finland a Nordic dog in name and in fact, in character and form. Reddish, it is well recognized in the group to which it belongs, that of spitz and primitive type dogs. Also thanks to its haughty and lively bearing and pointed head.

It is a breed that in its country of origin is now quite widespread, both as a working dog and, only in recent years, as pet dog. Outside the Finnish borders, however, he still struggles to make himself known, it is rare to meet him and his a bit cold character, consistent with the climate he is used to, does not help his popularity.

Finnish Spitz: origins

His countrymen call this dog Suomenpystykorva and they have a long history in common with it since they have been using it for years and years for hunting, but also for guarding and keeping. We also find him committed to tow sledges and, unfortunately, used as food. Despite the various possibilities of use, this breed in the nineteenth century risked extinction, not by the direct will of the Finnish people but by the continuous crossing of "pure" specimens Finnish Spitz with other breeds.

It has come to compromise the morphological characteristics, and the hunting skills of this Spitz, salvation came in the early 1900s from a large group of hunters who joined forces, rolled up their sleeves and managed to find specimens pure in Lapland region.

Thanks to them it Finnish Spitz it is back to being it Finnish Spitz, what the standard already officially described in the first draft dating back to 1892. Saved by hunters, the breed has increasingly focused on hunting and in 1927 it landed in Great Britain thanks to Mr. Edward Chichester, the official English recognition arrived in 1935. In Italy it is still one almost ghost race.

Finnish Spitz: puppies

The puppies of Finnish Spitz they are of modest size, ready to become medium sized dogs when they are adults, if males with a height at the withers between 44 and 50 cm, if females even less: between 39 and 45 cm. The maximum weight, always in adulthood, is 15 or 16 kg, a mass usually made up of muscles, and also very developed, which give this dog a square and solid appearance. The very thick hair masks this structure that would otherwise be called "sculpted".

Straight and strong, the trunk of the Finnish Spitz it joins the head with a neck that is always muscular but which appears different depending on the sex of the animal. In males the particularly voluminous coat makes it appear short, which is not the case in females who have a medium length neck. The pace of the Finnish Spitz it is loose and relaxed, also thanks to its limbs which, both front and rear, are strong, straight and muscular, with rounded feet.

Let's move on to the muzzle: this breed has it particularly narrow and dry, sharp and of medium size. The stop is quite pronounced and the truffle is always and only black, then the ears pop out, appear in the true sense of the word, however: they are always straight up straight, they stand pointed, not huge but they are noticed because they are very mobile. The liveliness of the Finnish Spitz it sparks in its eyes, black or in any case dark, and is confirmed in the tail in motion, curved in a pronounced arc, already starting from the base.

Characteristic, not only for the color, is the hair of this Scandinavian breed. It is short and adherent to the body in some parts such as on the head and limbs, apart from the back of the thighs, while more erect and long on the rest of the body, especially on the neck and back. The male then has a further originality because his coat is longer and harder than that of its purebred mates of the opposite sex, this is evident even to non-experts looking at the animal's back.

As imaginable, being it Finnish Spitz a dog that must stand the cold, it has an undercoat: short and soft, it is always light in color. The top coat is instead of non-uniform colors: on the back it can be brown-red or yellow-red then it becomes lighter inside the ears, on the cheeks, under the muzzle, on the chest, abdomen, inside the limbs, on the back of the thighs and under the tail.

From the withers to the chest, along the shoulder blades, an even lighter stripe passes which creates suggestive chromatic effects. Let's imagine it then, inserted in the classic white snow panorama ofFinnish winter. The breed standard also admits the presence of white markings on the feet and some black hair on the lips and along the back.

Finnish Spitz: character

The Finnish Spitz, already as a Nordic dog, it is and it is right and normal that he is particularly independent and courageous also because he has been used for generations to manage a daily life certainly not full of encounters, at least human. This does not at all exclude that he can show himself obedient and faithful if he becomes attached to his master, but this does not transform him into a submissive dog: he remains smart and intelligent, he listens but must be able to take.

We don't even try to take one head on Finnish Spitz or pretend it is at our feet, it is a race that cooperates but maintains dignity and free will. If we respect his Nordic and coherent character, we can live very well with this dog, considered by many to be one good company on all fours, suitable for being together with the family. Not in the apartment, however: he loves running, moving, being outdoors as long as possible and, if you want to see him enthusiastic, he should go swimming.

Finnish Spitz: breeding

In Italy it is almost impossible to meet one Finnish Spitz, ENCI does not report farms that today keep this breed, which is very frugal and does not require special care. Indeed, its red hair, already stunning to behold, also has a sort of built-in self-cleaning device.

This is not the case, but it is covered with a secret that repels parasites and repels dirt so it Finnish Spitz flaunts a perfect coat without the slightest effort other than brushing every 10 days. While we have been waiting for it to arrive in Italy, for years and years, already in 1979, it is Finnish Spitz he was named "Finnish National Dog".

Finnish Spitz: price

No officially recognized breeding and no or almost no specimens found in the area: to trace the price of a puppy of Finnish Spitz it is necessary to pack and reach the land where he was born and where he is so well. I do not want to discourage anyone but I would invite those who intend to take a dog like this, to carefully evaluate how they can feel in the cradle of the Mediterranean, with a climate like ours, accustomed to snow and with a body that over the years has evolved to bear. the great cold in the north.

Let us be content to look at it in the photo, or we plan a nice trip to visit it in the Finnish farms. Knowing him in a context that makes him happy is certainly the best way to respect and adore him. And be adored by him.

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Video: Tinder a Finnish Spitz at Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show 2020 (August 2022).