Peregrine Falcon, a bird of the Falconidae family and belonging to the order of the Falconiformes also called Accipitriformes. One of the most famous but before introducing it, we also mention its lesser known cousins and relatives: the lesser kestrel, the naumanni falcon, the Queen's Hawk and that Eleonorae, the Osprey and that of swamp or the honey buzzard. And there are still others.
Peregrine Falcon: characteristics
The Peregrine Falcon it is an animal that in total is 36 to 48 cm long, including the tail which is also relatively short and usually dark and barred, the wings are also barred but they are long and pointed so that the wingspan of this bird it can be even more than one meter.
There female of the Peregrine Falcon it is more massive than the male, it goes from 550 gr to 1,300 gr always with a compact and watertight body. To get an idea, let's imagine a bird larger than the pigeon, without a doubt, and with a short, hooked, bluish beak with dark apex and yellow wax except in the younger specimens where it is bluish-white. There head of the Peregrine Falcon it is dark in color and characterized by rather large black mustaches placed on the white cheeks, then the eyes always dark and large.
Turning to the feathers of this beautiful bird, the lower part of the body is whitish or reddish and occasionally shows dark spots on the chest. On the back instead the plumage is bluish-gray or slate colored the young, however, can also remain of a dark gray-brown shade with a yellowish and brown chest. To complete: the paws. Short, robust, yellow, with dark hook nails.
Peregrine Falcon: video
Including the appearance of the Peregrine Falcon, what is interesting is to see him fly and this video can show us best.
Peregrine Falcon: speed in flight and swooping
This bird is one of the fastest and most agile, it moves with strong wing beats interspersed with glides and it is a real sight to see it in the air. Due to its flying ability it is used for cover vast open territories but also for hunting as it is excellent for all types of “feathered” prey: quail, partridge, gray partridge, pheasants, ducks and corvids.
Being so fast, however, for beginners it is not ideal and it could be difficult to manage, also because it lands with difficulty on the ground and it is necessary to know how to deal with this critical phase. An interesting flight comparison is that with another splendid bird of prey: theGolden Eagle.
Peregrine Falcon: feeding
If it grows and lives in complete freedom the Peregrine Falcon it can exceed 15 years of age and feeds almost exclusively on birds. Not only small but also birds such as crows, partridges, ducks and seagulls. Its predatory and non-predatory activity is concentrated in the daytime hours, at the most at sunset, and as a character it is a type tending to loneliness.
Sedentary, regular migrant, nests in rocky areas or on trees and buildings but rather rarely. It is certainly not a songbird, the Peregrine Falcon, and you can hear it almost only in case of danger with a recognizable “gre gre gre” or “who who who who”.
Peregrine Falcon: breeding
As a good bird of prey for falconry, a favorite, this Falco is easy to trainand very satisfying performances can be obtained given its speed combined with the intelligence and coordination that characterize it. Who wants to breed a Peregrine Falcon however, it must take into account that it is necessary a lot of patience, not for its character but because its reproduction is not so immediate since it needs a long time to adapt to life in the aviary.
Peregrine Falcon: price
In recent times, good news for fans, the price of Peregrine Falcons pure has dropped and in countries such as Germany and Austria where there are several farms, you can also spend 600 euros for a male and 900 for a female. However, if we are interested in larger subspecies, such as F. P. Calidus or F. Anatum, then we have to shell out at least 2000 euros.
Peregrine Falcon: where to see it
As a bird this Falconid is present in Eurasia, Africa and the Americas, also in Italy it is widespread everywhere except in the plains. To be able to see live specimens, and not in the video proposed above, here are three parks that guard the Peregrine Falcon: the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands, the Casentinesi Forest National Park and the Cilento Vallo Diano National Park.
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