Chinese palm: cultivation, features, species and all the information to plant it in the garden. From care to cultivation needs.
ThereChinese palm, species Trachycarpus fortuneihas long been known by the botanical nameChamaerops excelsa. It is native to southern China and popularly known asChinese palm, palm of china, Fortune palm or even Chusan Palm. Like other palm species, it belongs to the Arecaceae family and is cultivated in Italy as an ornamental plant.
Chinese palm, characteristics
Therepalm of Chinait has a single stem that can reach and exceed (even if slightly) 10 meters in height. In our gardens, the stem develops from 4 to 12 meters.
The stem is covered with a dense gray vegetable fiber which acts as a natural protection of the plant. It is also thanks to that fiber that this plant can be grown in Italy: the fiber protects the underlying woody tissues from the cold and direct sun damage.
At the apex of the stem, large palmate leaves with a diameter of 80 - 90 cm develop. The leaves are thornless (unlike the St. Peter's palm) and completely green in color.
ThereChinese palmisdioeciousand female specimens produce a large yellow panicle in May. In a short time the cob gives way to a cluster of bluish black or orange yellow drupes, the cluster of drupes attracts the birds. Each fruit is 10 to 12 mm long. The male flowers are yellow while the female ones are greenish and have a diameter of 2 - 4 mm and develop on branched spadices that can reach a length of one meter.
Chinese palm, cultivation
Thisspeciesit can also be grown in the gardens of Northern Italy: it is among thepalm speciesmore resistant to cold. It can withstand winter temperatures close to - 15 ° C.
It can be grown both in shady areas and in sunny areas.
The root system develops well in all types of soil, except those of the clayey type or in the presence of water stagnation. The plant can thrive in breezy areas but in this condition the leaves lose their characteristic fan shape.
For those who prefer to cultivate the Palma Areca, here are the tips for excellent results, indedicated article.
Chinese palm, planting and care
Therepalm of China, like all palms, needs constant irrigation only during the first year after planting. From the second year of cultivation, theFortune palmit no longer requires regular wetting, except in particularly dry and hot summers. If grown in large pots, the Chinese palm should also be irrigated during the years following planting.
ThereChinese palmit develops on its own, so if you neglect your garden a lot, you may notice other small palm plants developing in the garden over long periods of time. If you do not want the plant to spread to other parts of your estate, we advise you to cut the long stems that bear the fruit before they reach full maturity.
Palm, species and types
The Chinese one is not the only one palm species possible to grow in Italian gardens. Therepalm of Chinait is very similar to the speciesChamaerops humilis or palm of St. Peter. The two palms differ from each other for the leaves equipped with hooks (thorns). As well as theChinese palm, also the species Chamaerops humilis is very widespread in Italy.
Theredwarf plant, just like the Chinese palm, it spreads autonomously in the garden. The date palm, the speciesPhoenix dactyliferait can only be grown in the hottest areas of Italy such as Calabria and Sicily.
Two other species of palms widely cultivated in Italy are thereCalifornia palm orpalm Washingtonia filifera(palma washington) and ladwarf palmChamaerops humilis, widespread especially along the coasts.