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Empty to return in Italy. Returnable blank of glass and plastic.
Returnable empty in Italy
In Italy, as well as in most European countries, thereturnableit was widespread until the early 1960s, before the massive spread of plastic. With thereturnablethe buyer had the duty to return the empty glass container to the seller.
The systemdisposable which replaced the old onereturnable, was a direct consequence of the economic boom of the past few years. Today, with a more advanced ethical awareness, our country is trying to restore the initiative of thereturnable.
How did the vacuum work to make active in Italy up to 40 years ago?
For all products marketed in glass bottles, you paid some sort ofbail, a surcharge to take home the container as well as the food content. After use, the buyer had the option to return the container and redeem the deposit or purchase a new product by paying only the contents and not the glass container (net of the deposit already paid).
This system, in Italy, was seen as a useful economic incentive for families and, even today, it is widespread in other European countries. In Germany, for example, thereturnableit is a well-known reality so much that there are real teams for the collection of bottles and glass containers. Bottles returned with the returnable vacuum system in Germany can be converted into shopping vouchers with a value proportional to the number of bottles. For more information, please read the article:How the returnable vacuum works.
Empty to lose or empty to return
In our country, at present, there are few initiatives that successfully promote the returnable. With the spread of recycling and resource recovery, thereturnablegave way to thevacuum to losewith separate collection even if, precisely that ofglasshard to leave! The glass it is produced from very cheap virgin raw materials, which is why producers continue to invest in productionfrom scratchrather than in the collection of used glass for subsequent recycling.
Thereturnableit is more advantageous than thevacuum to loseboth in terms of energy consumption and in terms of polluting gas emissions for the collection and reuse phase.
Law on returnable vacuum in Italy
Only recently, the House approved onelawwhich releases the mechanism ofreturnablebut this time the containers to be returned are plastic. There law on returnableapproved by the Chamber aims to subtract packaging from the circle of ordinary waste management (separate collection), sometimes not very virtuous from an ecological and organizational point of view (incorrect delivery of materials, excess of harmful emissions related to the transport of materials, poor management of waste to recycling ...).
Returnable vacuum of glass, plastic and aluminum
The law passed by the House, ideally, wants to trigger avirtuous circleinvolving citizens in the first person. Consumers can collect packaging and deliver it directly to the manufacturer, involving the final consumer in returning the packaging (bottles, cans or other). In other words, the consumer comesincentivizedto return the packaging to where it was purchased, using the "returnable plastic», So that the same packaging, instead of being destined for the separate collection of waste, is returned to the original producer who will implement a more rational management both from an economic and an environmental point of view. The official proposal sees the return of the deposit with a surcharge of 0.25 euros per bottle which will be returned together with the return of the empty container.
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