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Orchid, varietyand tips for cultivation. All the info on the names and varieties of orchids from the rarest to the easiest to grow at home.
That of the Orchidaceae is a family of plants belonging to the order ofOrchidales or Asparagales, the flowers produced by these plants are commonly known asorchids. If you are looking for an orchid that is easy to care for and grow at home, you can read our information in the articleOrchid in the house.
The Orchidaceae family includes a large number of species, genera and varieties (overall they amount to about 20,000), therefore the classification is very complex.
Most of theorchidsare native to tropical forests: it is in this habitat that theorchidsthey grow, almost everywhere, like spontaneous plants. In the tropical forests theorchidsthey spontaneously thrive both in coastal and mountain areas.
Orchids, varieties and botanical classification
Given the large number of species and varieties of orchids, on a descriptive level, it is more convenient to divide them through the botanical classification. Theorchids can be divided into:
these are orchids characterized by aerial roots and which in their natural habitat grow on tree trunks and branches.
these are orchids that thrive on rocks.
it's aboutvariety of orchidswhich are rooted in the ground but which also have aerial roots.
the roots grow into the ground.
also called parasitic orchids, these varietythey are partially or totally devoid of chlorophyll, thereforethey feed on organic material present in the environment.
L'orchidit's not aflowervery easy to grow: it requires constant care, timely repotting and precise light exposures. It is not uncommon to come across an orchid without flowers and, if you are not equipped with perseverance and patience, it is not certain that the orchid will give you a second flowering, regardless of its species and variety.
Theorchidsthey can be grown in the classic terracotta pot; Regardless of the material of the container, you just need to prepare a layer of gravel on the bottom of the pot to provide good drainage to the soil.
When theorchidwill have turned 2 or 3 years old, it will have to betransplanted. Therepotting the orchidit is performed during the summer, when the root system is well developed and robust. For all information on thedecanting the orchidwe invite you to read the page: Orchid, repotting.
The best soil fororchidit is given by a part of fibrous roots of osmunda fern to be mixed, in equal parts, with peat and expanded clay. Fibrous osmunda fern roots can be purchased from well-stocked garden centers but if you can't find them, you can use a pine or fir bark compound. With the right substrate, as described, theorchidsthey can thrive in the pot for 4 - 5 years.
Which orchid to grow
Among 20,000 specimens oforchids (between species, genera and varieties), it is not easy to decide which onecultivatein home. We indicate the characteristics of the four categories to cultivate.
TheCattleya orchidspresentlarge flowers, colorful and fragrant. Therefloweringof the Cattleya can go from September to June.
The exposure they prefer is semi-shaded and require constant fertilization.
They reach a maximum height of 60 - 65 cm and flowering can last up to 20 days.
It'sorchidsmoreeasy to grow. They are also the most popular and the least expensive! They have flowers that, depending on the variety, can be more or less large and showy. There is no shortage of hybrid callsdwarf orchids, these are miniature orchids which, depending on the variety, have a height ranging from 30 to 45 cm.
TheorchidsCymbidiums prefer a semi-shaded exposure and offer flowering between December and June.
Also in this category there are variety of orchids very easy tocultivate. These orchids bloom in spring and, unlike the others, do not need fertilizing.
The flowers are showy and of the most disparate colors, from white to deep red. It'sorchidsmost suitable fromgrow indoors, especially near windows. They must be placed in cool, temperate and airy environments.
Theseorchidsthey grow in a very humid and shady environment. The flowers can last for 20 to 30 days. During the winter they should be wet because the soil must never remain dry.
The phalenopsis Orchid is among theorchidseasier togrow indoorsas long as the temperature never drops below 20 ° C.