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Home hydroponic cultivation: tips to take advantage of the hydroponic technique at home and grow plants without soil. DIY hydroponics within everyone's reach.
Is calledhydroponic cultivationand allows you to grow plants without the use of land; instead of the classic soil, thehydroponicsinvolves the use of an inert and sterile substrate consisting of rock wool, clay, perlite and vermiculite fed by a mixture of water and nutrient minerals dosed according to the needs of the plant.
Therehydroponic cultivationrepresents the new frontier ofintensive cultivation: the yield of the crops increases considerably even if it is necessary to specify that for the applications at home there are some drawbacks. Therehome hydroponic cultivationsees greater investments than the classic cultivation with soil and pots. The user must arm himself with tanks, pH meters and also work his way up from a chemical point of view in order to better prepare the mixtures to be administered to the plants. In the article dedicated tohydroponic cultivation at homewe have examined all the advantages and disadvantages of this technique. In the industrial field, the greater investments for the preparation of the tanks, the air pump, the nutrients ... are repaid in a short time thanks to the higher yields. In the home it is possible to start small oneshydroponic cultivationusing ready-to-use kits.
Home hydroponic cultivation, DIY kit
To make thehydroponic cultivation at homewithin everyone's reach, there is no shortage of ready-to-use kits on the market.
Among the most accessible and practical hydropoic cultivation kits to use we point out the Plant Aeros, proposed on Amazon at the price of 46.16 euros with free shipping. This kit is also perfect for those who want to grow a pint of strawberries but not only.
Those who are not satisfied (rightly) with a single plant can try the Wilma Hydroponic System with 4 Atami jars, the price this time goes up to 89.50 euros (free shipping).
In both cases these are standard kits, consisting of a tank for the nutrient mixture and a hydraulic system that sprays the inert substrate. There is no substrate in the kit so you will also want to buy some perlite or vermiculite.
Do-it-yourself hydroponic cultivation
Ready-to-use kits can make your life easier but nothing prevents you from trying your hand at building small oneshydroponic cultivationwith DIY. What do you need?
- A large bowl with low sides
it must be dark in color, it will be the tank where the roots will develop.
- Anchoring substrate
the plants you are going to grow are not aquatic, so they need an anchoring substrate such as perlite, vermiculite, clay….
- Air pump
you will need it to oxygenate the aqueous solution.
- Porous stones
you will need it to fix the air pump tube in the aqueous solution.
to be inserted in water, to meet the needs of plants.
- Polystyrene sheet
Styrofoam sheets are easily found in DIY stores, it will need to be thick enough to accommodate the pots. The sheet should be the same size as your initial container (tub).
To build a DIY hydroponic cultivation, you will need materials such as pencils, string, a cutter and goodwill. Here's how to proceed forbuild a DIY hydroponic grower:
- Take the polystyrene panel and the vases, trace the smallest circumference of the vases on the polystyrene with the help of a marker. Cut the polystyrene creating ad hoc housing for the vases.
- On the polystyrene, make a hole to pass the water pump tube.
- Connect the pump tube to the porous stone. Attach the airstone and yours to the bottom of the tub.
- Fill the tank with an aqueous solution for hydroponics.
- Place the polystyrene lid on the tub. Add pots filled with substrate and plants to grow.
Yourhome hydroponic cultivationready! You just have to start the air pump to oxygenate the aqueous suspension. The water, rich in nutrients, should be changed at least twice a month or, if strongly subject to evaporation, you will have to periodically bring it back to level.
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