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How to care for succulents in winter: from the last repottings to the factors to be controlled (temperature, light, humidity), irrigation, fertilization and treatment of diseases.
The succulent plants are highly appreciated thanks to some winning features:they are long-lived, easy to cultivate, with limited needs, they are bought at affordable prices and offer a great assortment of varieties.
When we say that the fat plants they are easy to care for and cultivate, we are not suggesting you buy them and then leave them to themselves! In nature, a plant is self-sufficient but, torn from its habitat and placed in a pot in the home, it requires a minimum of care. Here's what the care to be dedicated to succulents during the winter.
Succulents in winter:temperature and light
Grown at home, thefat plantsthey prefer a place that can offer themaximum brightness. Place them close to a well-lit window but well spaced from the glass that could burn the tissues of the leaves due to the sun's rays.
If you notice that the leaves dosoftenor that theleaf tips turn yellow, the plant is probably receiving little light. Thefat plantsmore sensitive to shade or semi-shade conditions are those with a columnar shape. If a succulent is hunched over on itself, it is probably hunting for a light source.
The optimal temperature for the development ofsucculent plantsranges from 22 to 24 ° C. In any case, in a domestic environment, you must guarantee a minimum temperature of 10 - 12 ° C. Of course, there are succulents that are resistant to cold but with the necessary exceptions, with temperatures below 10 ° C, succulents can face death.
Succulents in winter:irrigation and fertilization
We need to minimize fertilization and irrigation! How much to water succulents? The frequency of irrigation varies from season to season:
- in summer, succulents should be irrigated with an indicative frequency of 3 weeks, and always after checking that the first 4 - 5 cm of surface soil are dry.
- in winter, thefat plantsthey must be watered every 6 - 7 weeks. The plant finds itself in vegetative rest and needs very little water. Winter irrigation must only affect the soil: avoid wetting the leaves, which can soften or rot.
In winter, you don't just have to take care of the frequency of irrigation, you also need to pay attention to the temperature of the water. Do not irrigate with cold water! The optimal temperature of the irrigation water should be between 15 and 20 ° C. Avoid leaving water in saucers.
As regards thefertilization of succulents, in winter you should completely avoid them. In reality, succulents must be fertilized twice a year: in late spring and late summer. Never fertilize succulents during vegetative rest.
Repotting succulent plants is done in summer! If you have forgotten to do it and your plant needs a new container, you can also act between autumn and early winter.
Therepotting of succulentsit is done using medium fertile and well drained soil. You will need a light soil that allows the rapid draining of excess water. With repotting, take the opportunity to place inert materials such as expanded clay, pumice stone or gravel on the bottom of the pot. The soil mixture indicated for repotting succulents sees:
- 25% universal soil.
- 25% finely chopped blond peat.
- 30% non-calcareous river sand.
- 20% finely ground mineral material such as crushed stone, brecciolina or perlite.
Treating succulents in truth:diseases and treatments
Succulents, in winter, do not need preventive treatments. There are few diseases that occur during this period. Generally, a disease affects succulent plants in winter only if the environment is excessively humid, only if you are irrigating the plant too much or if the plant is placed in poor light conditions. If your succulent plant has been attacked by fungi or other parasites, read our guide dedicated toDiseases of succulents.
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