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Dogs diabetes, one of the most frequently encountered pathologies. The more widespread is mellitus, among the various types, and it is certainly not one of the lighter ones because it forces the animal to "Insulin addiction". In general, dog diabetes consists, as in humans, in a situation of insulin deficiency and in the constant elimination of glucose through the urine.
Unlike other pathologies, the Dogs diabetes it affects some particular categories more than others: elderly specimens, non-sterilized females over 8 years old, and those who have unfortunately had to undergo an unbalanced diet since they were puppies. Also genetics and hereditary factors play their rolein the probability of suffering from this disorder, it is more important than looking for the causes, to know the symptoms to act immediately with the most suitable treatments. Most often we talk about constant insulin dosages.
Dog diabetes: symptoms
Noticeable weight loss, despite the dog eats willingly and in normal quantities, constant thirst and lethargy: these are the three most common signs and easier for dog owners to recognize. Diabetes is also a disease that the veterinarian must investigate through specific tests that measure blood glucose levels, the blood glucose and glycosuria values and through urine tests. Only in this way can we obtain a complete canine clinical picture and understand how to treat our four-legged friend.
Sometimes the Dogs diabetes affects a specimen due to genetic and hereditary predisposition, but also in conjunction with pancreatitis, in case of obesity, when the pancreas and cells are unable to produce insulin or when there is a state of inflammation of the ileum.
Dog diabetes: values
To those who suspect they are facing a case of Diabetes dogs, it may happen that the veterinarian asks to proceed with home blood glucose monitoring. It is not difficult and you can also choose between two modes. There are similar blood test strips to those used for urinalysis, or you can equip yourself with a manual glucometer. This is not a devilish device, it is instead easy to use.
Turning to the blood glucose values of dogs Diabetes, they have to put it on guard are those around 100-220 mg / dl if so they remain for most of the 24 hours.
Dog diabetes: cures
Unlike the cat, the dog must when he gets diabetes cure for life because the loss of β cells from the pancreas in your body is an irreversible process. This does not at all mean that there are no treatments but they must be applied forever and require a double daily administration of insulin, via subcutaneous injection. An alternative, to be evaluated with the veterinary, is the oral pharmacological treatment.
Dog diabetes: nutrition
The diet following a case of Dogs diabetes it must be very balanced and controlled. First of all, let's make sure that it is free of too complex foods, fats and too many sugars because obesity is a great enemy of diabetic dogs, and of all living beings. A correct diet it must always be associated with a healthy lifestyle, as for people, even for quadrupeds. Lots of movement, therefore, not too intense, but also slow and mild, especially if the dog is elderly.
Dog diabetes: complications
As expected there are complications related to Dogs diabetes, occur long-term in mellitus, due to a prolonged and elevated blood glucose level. They are not avoidable, but we can monitor our friend with some careful checks blood glucose concentration.
The most common complication is the Diabetic Cataract, consists in the opaque transformation of the lens and causes blindness of the eye. This happens because theexcess glucose in the blood manages to modify the lens of the eye, resulting in a swelling and destruction of the normal structure. The crystalline, which has become opaque, can sometimes be surgically removed.
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