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Dog cyst, protrusions that are sometimes easy to notice, sometimes less, but that shouldn't cause us to alarm too much. Don't panic, then, but don't totally neglect these sack-shaped structures containing a liquid or semi-solid substance. The cysts of the dogs they can be cutaneous and subcutaneous, they are defined as non-cancerous masses and this immediately clarifies the fact that are benign. They can vary in size and arise within or just below the layers of the skin.
Dermoid dog cyst
The dog cyst they are called dermoids because among the various benign tumors that can appear, they are characterized by one fibrous wall covered with skin, stratified. They contain hair, hair follicles, peeling skin and even secretions from different types of glands. From sweat as well as sebaceous ones. They can also be present of the residues of nerves or of the glands themselves. Dog cysts usually originate from the dermis, which is made up of collagen fibers that make up a kind of network.
Dog cyst: subcutaneous swelling
We often notice dog cysts when we see a strange one swelling in areas of the body where nothing should protrude. The upper back is one of the places where cysts are most likely to appear, but none there are also other types, less frequent. The ocular ones, for example, which appear on the eyelid or cornea, or the ovarian ones which in most cases are harmless. The problem with dog cysts is the pain they cause if they break and become infected.
Interdigital Dog Cysts
We have seen the areas of the animal's body where cysts are more likely to appear but nothing should be excluded, they can be present in any body region, even in the interdigital one. We must also take into account that they can arise both as solitary swellings and as groups of cysts.
Beyond the location, it can happen in the most unfortunate cases, than from them thick liquid comes out which can be yellowish or brownish. The dog cyst become a problem when they break by accident or because the same animal nibbles or scratches them, causing the liquid to leak creates painful inflammation, itching and possible infections.
Dog cyst: what to do
Before we get our hands in our hair at the sight of a dog cyst, we breathe and think that in most cases it is asymptomatic and causes "only" pain or itching. Having said that, we can still intervene in different ways.
One of these involves the surgical removal of this formation: this is the way recommended by most experts. You can proceed under sedation and local anesthesia or with general anesthesia, in any case the surgical procedure is quite simple and should not cause concern.
In the case of inflammation before or during removal, the veterinarian will prescribe us oral antibiotics and topical treatments. If your dog's cysts are currently neither painful nor annoying, you can also wait to remove them keeping them monitored so that if they break we are ready to intervene and prevent the animal from suffering. To learn more about the care of our dog, starting from the cysts, we can consult an excellent book, practical and useful, also available on Amazon: “Dog health”.
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