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Maritime pine, we are used to seeing it appear on most of our coasts and it is also easy to distinguish it from other pines. There are many varieties and scattered throughout the northern hemisphere, they even have large dimensions but the leaves are always needle-like, grouped or in pairs and in bunches of 3 or 5. Another feature that makes them recognizable is that they are all evergreen, but not everyone knows that the number of needles is the same in each group for each species of pine: a decisive detail for their identification.
Maritime pine: characteristics
The Maritime Pine is one of the most widespread varieties and at the same time important for biodiversity and for the Italian green. The scientific name of this tree is pinus pinaster, belongs to the Pinaceae family and is native to coasts of the Mediterranean.
It can reach a height of about 30 meters, does not have many branches and the stem is straight or at most slightly curved, the hair is dark but green and with "abundant" shapes and very fascinating rounds. They transform the landscape and embellish it.
Maritime pine and stone pine: differences
To recognize a maritime pine from a similar but domestic one, or from pine nuts, there are some simple but little known tricks. The first is the rub the needles in your hands and smell the smell emitted, if it is scented with pine nuts, it is not a maritime pine which instead has a strong intense and sour smell.
We can also distinguish them by looking at their bearing and their size: the seafarer is more at right angles and bigger. If we want to be sure, we study the shape of the strobilus which is elongated if the pine is maritime, otherwise more rounded.
Maritime pine: bonsai
Widespread on the Tyrrhenian coasts, the pinaster can also form woods and are fascinating and fragrant woods. It is also found as a predominant presence in mixed woods, in the company of stone pine and cypress. In bonsai format it is more frequent to meet in private gardens, flower beds or public gardens. Even if the dimensions are obviously "small" they remain classic characteristics of the variety such as the thick and very wrinkled bark, dark brown mottled with shades tending to purple.
Maritime pine in the garden
As mentioned, among the various uses for which the Maritime pine, there is also to act as an ornamental tree in the gardens. Also in these environments it can be not only beautiful but also useful as a windbreak or as "grove" tree if you have a garden large enough to create one.
Maritime pine: roots
Planted in October or in the following months but no later than March, the maritime pine takes root and likes a soil that is not too wet, never frozen. I'm powerful roots its and it is necessary to take this into account when placing it, in calculating that is not too close to building walls or other obstacles that could damage it or from which it could be damaged.
Maritime pine: therapeutic properties
In the winter season the Maritime pine can show off its main ones therapeutic properties to cure typical ailments of the cold season. We can buy and use it in the form of 100% pure and natural balsamic essential oil, on Amazon a 10 ml bottle costs 12.90 euros. It is excellent in promoting breathing.
Maritime pine: diseases
The worst enemies of this tree are the chermi lanigeri of conifers, the butterfly of the pine branches and the larvae of oplocampe. Even from the cochineal cortex it is necessary to save oneself because it damages the branches, the twigs and the stem, when it attacks the pines, patchy redness forms on the foliage, both on the top and at the base.
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