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Crassulaceae: list and pictures

Crassulaceae: list and pictures

Crassulaceae, succulent plants with very different morphologies and characteristics from each other, so much so that it is difficult for an inexperienced eye to be able to understand that they are all part of the same family. We find them on all continents, they are able to grow in different climates, in all climates except those typical of the polar and circumpolar zones where a succulent plant is an unlikely presence. In Italy the Crassulaceae represent the only type of succulent plants that can grow spontaneously.

Crassulaceae: properties

They are plants that belong to the Rosales category and are distinguished from the other two families of the same category because they are "succulent" only in one of their parts. In fact the leaves, and not the stem and branches, are succulent in the Crassulaceae family, except for exceptions such as the Cotyledon and the Tylecodon. In these two types of plants, even the stems are succulent, the branches, never.

Among over 1300 kinds of plants belonging to this family we find both perpetual cycle plants and annual plants, the leaves are always and in any case very fleshy and usually emerge from the stems in opposite positions, two by two, or four to four.

The leaves usually form a rosette which can be of cylindrical or ovoid shape, if you touch them there is a strange sensation, as if they were covered with wax. We may wonder that they are fake, but they are not. It is a way like any other to defend against bad weather and low temperatures which can break down in certain areas, as well as the aridity of other areas.

Several Crassulaceae they also produce flowers, often with one symmetrical radial shape and hermaphroditic in nature.

Crassulaceae: classifications

The fat plants for most people, they are "just" succulents. Finding out about the various types and their respective characteristics can be useful to choose the plant, fat, most suitable for the climate in which we live, or the position in which we want to place it. For example, choose a succulent plant for indoors and outdoors it is very different!

The Crassulaceae represent one of the three large existing families, the others are called Cactaceae and Mesembryanthemaceae.

Crassulaceae lycopodioides

This type of Crassulaceae comes from South Africa and Namibia but it is cultivated and spread all over the world. Also in Italy we often find it appreciated as a houseplant. If the name does not sound familiar to us it is because it is more frequently called Crassula tail of rat, Watch belt, Lizard's tail, Hinge plant, Princess pine and Wolf's paw Crassula. The scientific name, "Mossy" comes from the Latin muscosus, which literally means “mossy”.

It is recognizable by the light green triangular leaves which are composed forming a square block, a bush of dimensions equal to 15-20 cm in height. Flowers are also sprouting from Crassulaceae Lycopodioides, and they are very small, yellow-green, stink of cat urine.

Crassulaceae: cultivation

To grow plants such as Crassulaceae it is necessary to get some soil of basic formula, if you do not put them in a garden, you also need a fairly large pot. As for the location, it is better where there is a lot of sun, because the temperature must not drop below 7 ° C.

We don't need to water these plants very frequently, only when it is really hot it is better to be careful, otherwise we can also leave them alone and if we see and the leaves become reddish, the plant is not dying but it has just taken an insolation.

As the characteristics of each vary genus of Crassulaceae, changes the vegetation period, some have it in winter, others in summer, when it arrives, they must be kept in good light and at higher temperatures than the rest period. In fertilization period, better to use products specifically designed for succulents such as this liquid fertilizer with an enhanced formula, available for 12 euros on Amazon.

Crassulaceae: pictures

There are some Really nice crassulaceae, even in our area, even if it is rare that they make particularly showy flowers, both in terms of shape and color. Usually the inflorescences form a corolla and they are not exaggerated in size.

Crassulaceae: species

Among the genres most appreciated by experts, the Crassulaceae there are indeed but they are not the only succulents to enjoy a good reputation. In Italy, plants such as the Aeonium, widespread in Canary Islands and in the southern Mediterranean basin, Echeveria, widespread in Central America, and the Sempervivum that grows on our mountains and on those of all Europe.

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You may also be interested in:

  • Succulents in the summer
  • Succulents in winter
  • Aeonium arboreum


Video: Echeveria Identifications. Names of Succulents. Succulent ID (December 2021).