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Islands of waste:from the one in the Pacific Ocean to the plastic island of our Mediterranean. Google Earth coordinates and alarming data.
The waste islands they confront us with a sad and disappointing reality: the harmful impact that man has on the environment!
We have already told you about the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the gigantic floating landfill for the waters of the Pacific Ocean. Unfortunately this is not the only one waste island present in the oceans of the globe but we continue gradually.
Island of waste in the Pacific Ocean
L'waste island plastic models, the great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as Pacific Trash Vortex represents an ecological disaster for all to see.
Pacific Trash Vortexliterally means "Pacific Ocean litter vortex", it is composed mainly of plastic that is so abundant that environmentalist David de Rothschild collected part of it to recycle and build a 25-meter catamaran!
It is located approximately between 135º and 155º West meridian and between 35º and 42º North parallel and its surface is not yet known, estimates range from 700,000 km² up to more than 10 million km².
Why can't I find the floating garbage island on Google Earth?
We gave you the coordinates but if you try to search on Google Earth you will not find anything. Why? Because even for Google's satellites to record images of floating garbage is difficult. For a satellite, it's differentrecord and capturea compact ship or land nation rather than plastic fragments. Part of the plastic is found under the surface of the water and so the satellites are unable to capture uniform images and return the classic color of the sea. Google Earth has been looking for strategies for documenting and capturing images of floating islands of waste since 2009, but the task is difficult. The island is made up of microscopic fragments, some submerged others emerged, difficult to read with satellites.
How big is the Pacific waste island?
Some studies attest that this waste island it occupies a territory that is three times the size of Spain and is still expanding.
L'waste island it could contain up to 100 million tons of debris and about three million tons of plastic. To create thewaste island was the polluting hand of man: the waste not disposed of properly ended up in the water, the formation ofisland of waste in the Pacific Oceanit began in the 1950s. Like? By means of an ocean current with circular movements that transported the waste forming an hourly spiral, this current is called North Pacific subtropical vortex and allowed the floating litter to clump together.
Island of waste in the Atlantic Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is not the only one to host awaste island, something similar is also present in the Atlantic Ocean, it is theAtlantic Garbage Patch, located off the north coast of America. L'waste island of the Atlantic covers an area between 22 and 38 degrees north latitude, to give an idea, it is the same distance that exists between Cuba and Virginia!
Island of waste in the Mediterranean and in Italian waters
Our Mediterranean is also seriously threatened by waste. Indeed, the problem of the Mediterranean is even more serious because we are talking about a closed sea.
In the Mediterranean, on average, there are 115,000 pieces of floating plastic per square kilometer. This estimate tells us that there are more than 290,000,000,000 (290 billion) pieces of plastic and the first six inches of water.
The problem of the Mediterranean also reaches Italy. It is estimated that in the northwestern basin of the Gulf of Genoa alone, there are on average 200,000 micro-fragments of waste per square kilometer. Off the coast of Portoferraio (Elba Island) the amount of plastic carried by the currents exceeds 892,000 micro-fragments per square kilometer.
Plastic islands, environmental damage
To date, 5 "main" floating plastic islands have been registered, that is, with an extension that would be the envy of the national territories of the mainland.
- Two islands of waste in the Atlantic
- An island of waste in the Indian Ocean
- Two islands of waste in the Pacific Ocean
Not to mention the smaller plastic islands and the pollution scattered in the waters around the globe, including the Italian ones.
The damage of these islands is priceless, especially fish, seabirds and flora at risk, not to mention all the other fauna that will accidentally be found to ingest such litter. Damaging the health of the Earth ecosystem means killing man: sick fish are the ones that end up on the table of us consumers.
The conditions of the ocean waters are dire. The presence ofwaste island in the Atlantic and Pacific is an example of a very serious picture that brought its data to light through a 22-year research program, the SEA study. Over 7,000 scholars have searched for ocean litter and found that garbage debris in the waters is more prevalent than one might imagine.
In some locations, scholars have found more than 200,000 debris per square kilometer. "Few things"If we consider the 100 million tons ofwaste island of the Pacific which has over 750,000 debris per square kilometer. In any case, the data collected are only a small part of the huge amount of waste present in ocean waters. The searches have stopped almost on the surface while the wave motions bring much debris deeper to 20 meters from the surface. (Data source, Sea Education Association).
See thewaste island of the Pacific and that of the Atlantic, reading the data of the large landfill that is being created in the aqueous environment, can only disappoint us. It is unthinkable that man's conduct created all this.